Layouts are React Server Components that wrap your page components. They contain common elements such as headers, footers, and navigation menus that are shared across multiple pages.

Layouts are always named layout.tsx and are placed in the src/pages directory alongside your pages.

Root layout

The root layout in your application is the layout that wraps every page component. It's the first layout that is rendered when visiting a URL.

import "./global.css";
import TwofoldFramework from "@twofold/framework/twofold-framework";
import { LayoutProps } from "@twofold/framework/types";

export default function Layout({ children }: LayoutProps) {
  return (
        <meta charSet="utf-8" />
      <TwofoldFramework />

The only requirement for the root layout is that it must import and render the <TwofoldFramework> component. This component is responsible for bootstrapping your application.

It's best to keep your root layout as simple as possible. You can add additional layouts to your application to handle more complex layouts.

Nested layouts

Layouts that are nested will create a hierarchy of layouts. When a page component is rendered, it is wrapped by the root layout, followed by any layouts that exist in the directory hierarchy leading to the page.

// src/pages/posts/layout.tsx

import { LayoutProps } from "@twofold/framework/types";

export default function PostsLayout({ children }: LayoutProps) {
  return (
      <header>Posts Header</header>
      <footer>Posts Footer</footer>

The above PostsLayout component wraps the page components in the src/pages/posts directory. When visiting a URL under /posts, the PostsLayout component will be rendered.

Layout nesting can be infinitely deep. Visiting the URL /posts/comments/:commentId will render the posts layout component, followed by the comments layout component, and then finally the comment page component.


Layouts receive a children prop that contains the child layouts and page component for the URL being rendered. This prop is a React Node that is analogous to the children prop in React components.

Layout components will re-render and receive new children as you navigate around the application.


In addition to the children prop, layouts receive the same props passed to pages:

childrenReactNodeThe child layouts and page component
paramsRecord<string, string | undefined>The dynamic params in the URL
searchParamsURLSearchParamsThe query params in the URL
requestRequestThe request object for the HTTP request


A special LayoutProps type can be imported from @twofold/framework/types that provides types for the props passed to pages.

// src/pages/posts/layout.tsx

import { LayoutProps } from "@twofold/framework/types";

export default function PostsLayout(props: LayoutProps) {
  // ...

URL mapping

The table below serves as a reference for how URLs map to layout components. Each layout in the src/pages directory is listed with the URL it will render.

Layout fileURL pattern